Egyptian shortbread

On the eve of the orthodox Christmas (or sometime during the winter holiday season), there is one type of cookie that my mom and I always make: shortbread. Egyptian shortbread to be exact. I’m sure that the Lebanese will say that they are Lebanese shortbread, and the Syrian’s will correct me and call them Syrian shortbread, and the Iranians will label them as Iranian cookies…. Whatever you want to call them is fine. They are Egyptian to me.

We have made these cookies for years. The recipe comes from my aunt Fawzia in Egypt. She gave my dad the recipe over the phone, which he quickly translated into English, inscribing it on a scrap piece of paper as she spoke. The recipe she gave him was vague, to say the least. My aunt Fawzia is the oldest of my dad’s siblings, and she is quite the cook. She has been cooking and baking these traditional recipes for our family for so long that she measures nothing. She has a feel for how much of each ingredient has to be added. I’m sure her recipes are dependent on the climate and the look and touch of what she’s preparing, but whatever she puts together always works out deliciously.

I swear, she could cook for an army in a tiny New York kitchen without a single measuring spoon to be found. When she gave my dad her shortbread recipe, she guesstimated amounts in “saucers” and “cups” (but not the cups that you or I know), probably just to humor us (I suspect she finds our meticulous measuring quite amusing). I don’t think that she actually knows how much of each ingredient she uses in her recipe. Some years, the shortbread we made were too short; some years, they were just right. I suppose that the success of the cookies was highly dependent on how heavy-handed we were when measuring a saucer of sugar.

After years of baking this recipe, I think we have come up with the right ratios yielding a cookie that is delicate but firm enough to munch on without making a mess. These are not the typical British shortbread since the Egyptian shortbread are made with samneh (also known as ghee or clarified butter) and powdered sugar. An egg yolk gives structure to the cookies, while a touch of brandy gives a certain “je ne sais quoi” to their flavor making them ever-so winter appropriate. The flavor of these shortbread is wonderfully sweet.

My dad still reminisces of the years when our cookies were so short that he’d take a bite of one only to find that the rest of the cookie had crumbled in his hand and all over his lap. Clearly dad’s an even bigger fan of butter than I am!

Egyptian shortbread

Course Dessert
Prep Time 20 minutes
Cook Time 8 minutes
Total Time 28 minutes
Servings 40 –50 cookies
Author Janice


  • 1 cup clarified butter aka ghee or samneh, room temperature
  • 1 cup icing sugar sifted
  • 1/8 cup brandy
  • 1 egg yolk
  • 2 1/2 cups all purpose flour


  • Preheat the oven to 300°F.
  • In the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, cream the butter and sugar until smooth.
  • Add the brandy and the egg yolk, and mix until combined.
  • Add the flour, mixing and scraping down the bowl as needed. Continue beating the dough until it comes together (initially it will be a crumbly mess, but with some patience, it turns out just right!).
  • Form the dough into 2 large disks.
  • Roll out 1 disk until it is 1/4–1/8 inch thick using powdered sugar so that the dough doesn’t stick. Cut into circles with a glass dipped in powdered sugar (~2.5 inch diameter glass).
  • Bake the cookies on a <a href="" rel="nofollow">Silpat</a>-lined baking sheet for about 8–12 minutes. The timing is highly dependent on how hot your oven is: if your oven is hotter (and heats to about 325°F), they may bake in as little as 8 minutes. Do not let them brown.
  • Remove the pan from the oven, and place it on a wire rack to cool for a couple minutes before transferring the cookies to another rack to cool completely.
  • Serve the cookies as is, or sprinkled generously with more powdered sugar.
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booze, butter, shortbread

12 Responses to Egyptian shortbread

  1. Angela Pritchett January 7, 2011 at 2:00 PM #

    I just love to hear about families passing down recipes. Shortbread always makes a good impression when I serve it, no matter what country it comes from. I’ve never thought to add brandy or alcohol to it.

  2. ravienomnoms January 7, 2011 at 2:24 PM #

    This looks so good, such a pretty color. I love the color of shortbread cookies

  3. Evan Thomas January 7, 2011 at 3:19 PM #

    Shortbread is always a delicious dessert. I’ve never heard of adding brandy but I could imagine that being terrific.

  4. Tiffany January 7, 2011 at 9:26 PM #

    Ahhhhh…. is the secret the ghee?!!?!?!?!?

  5. Brindusa January 7, 2011 at 7:00 PM #

    These biscuits are delicious. I like,to add brandy in my cookies too 🙂

    [email protected] with my soul

  6. gigabiting January 7, 2011 at 7:08 PM #

    The brandy addition sounds special. I love shortbread in all it’s varieties.

  7. Jan January 8, 2011 at 3:40 PM #

    @Tiffany It might be the ghee! I think the ghee makes them more tender, though I’ve never tried them with regular granulated sugar.

  8. kitchenarian January 9, 2011 at 5:11 AM #

    I love shortbread cookies and these look delicious.

  9. Tonya - What's On My Plate January 11, 2011 at 1:46 AM #

    I love the addition of brandy. I would even consider adding a touch of rum to the mix instead. Sounds great.

  10. The Mom Chef January 12, 2011 at 12:18 AM #

    Those are Armenian shortbread! Just kidding. They look fantastic. Thanks for sharing the recipe.

  11. Summer December 18, 2014 at 9:04 PM #

    Oh this reminds me exactly of how my own Egyptian family shares recipes!!! My grandma has mugs that she uses as ‘cup’ measures. I can never do it as effortlessly as she does because I am so type A! These look delicious 🙂


  1. Egyptian shortbread ghorayebah | Kitchen Heals Soul - December 15, 2015

    […] you’ve been following the blog since the beginning, you might remember I already have an Egyptian shortbread recipe on the blog. It’s tweaked from a recipe that my aunt passed onto my dad over the phone a […]

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