What is a tart pan?
Tart pans are not the same as pie plates. Pie plates are shallow and have an angled edge (for easy serving so that you can easily slide a pie lifter under cut pieces), and pie plates often have a wider rim. On the other hand, tart pans have a straight, vertical edge to them and often don’t have any kind of rim at all. In fact, the sharp edge of the tart pan is used to trim the dough to fit the mould exactly.
Most tart pans have a crinkled or fluted edge, but some may have a straight edge. Some tart pans come as one piece, and others have two pieces. Most tart pans are shallow, although quiche pans are deep tart pans, allowing for more filling.
What is a tart pan with removable bottom?
How to use tart pans
Do you have to grease tart pans?
Usually, you don’t have to grease tart pans, and many tart pans come with a non-stick finish which ensures easy unmolding of tarts. That being said, if you have a feeling that your tart may stick to the pan or you are concerned, greasing and flouring the tart pan will help ensure that your tart will come out of the pan after baking. It’s really up to you and make sure to follow the recommendations written in your recipe. Personally, with most of my tart crust recipes, I don’t grease the pans (like the sweet sugar cookie dough for these Earl grey panna cotta tarts and the matcha sugar cookie dough for these matcha tarts).
How do you fit the dough into a tart pan
In order to line the tart pan with your dough you have two options:
- For fragile, shortbread cookie crusts, for graham cracker crumb crusts, and for Oreo cookie crumb crusts: you may pile the crumbly mixture into the pan and press it into the bottom and up the sides of the pan to form an even layer of dough. This is the easiest way to line the pan with your doughs, but make sure that you press the cookie dough crumbs firmly into the pan to form a solid base and sturdy edge. You can use your fingers for this step and a flat-bottomed glass will help make the bottom of the crust more flat and even throughout.
- For sturdier doughs: you can chill the dough for an hour after it’s made, then roll it out on a lightly floured surface. Roll the dough so that the disk of dough is about 2 inches larger than your tart pan. You might need it to be even larger if your tart pan is deep. Once rolled out, fold the dough in half, gently and loosely then slide the dough onto your tart pan. Unfold the dough and gently work the disk of dough into the nooks and edges of the pan. It’s very important that you get the dough nestled into the corners of the pan to avoid shrinkage during baking!
Once you’ve fitted your dough into your tart pan, remember to NEVER grab the tart pan from underneath because the removable bottom will lift up and break your dough. In fact, I always recommend to place the tart pan on a cookie sheet to make it easy to move the tart from the counter to the fridge or the oven. This way you avoid any potential accidents.
How to remove tart from pan?
I learned this technique when I was studying at Le Cordon Bleu. Our practical sessions were usually about 2.5 hours (not including cleanup time), which meant that in 2.5 hours, when a tart was on the menu for the day, we’d have to make it all, from start to finish, all while seeming “in control” and working “cleanly and neatly”. Hah.
Obviously, in 2.5 hours, we tended towards insanity, especially at the very beginning of the session when we were mostly lost and confused. It also meant that at the end of class, we were all rushing to un-mold our semi-cooled (read practically-straight-from-the-oven) tarts to get them on boards and serve them to the instructor for grading.
The final minutes were madness. We sweated and we fretted, and we ran around like headless chickens. There was the need to get the tart on the plate as fast as possible and the fear of destroying the not-completely-cooled tart which was in a most fragile state of oven-hot.
The number one trick to remove a tart from a tart pan :
Find a sturdy, free-standing object that is slightly smaller than the hole at the bottom of the pan (good to plan ahead and find the right size beforehand!). This could be a small inverted metal mixing bowl for full-sized tarts, or for mini tarts, a small drinking glass or even a large shot glass. Place the tart on the object, and carefully slide the ring off the tart and down the stand. Then all you have to do is take down the tart and slide the tart off the bottom round and onto a plate (or serve it on the metal round if you are nervous).
This works for full sized tarts, like this raspberry chocolate tart, this Earl Grey chocolate tart, rhubarb chocolate tart, or this plum tart. This technique to remove tarts from tart pans is especially useful for getting mini tarts out of the pan, like these Earl Grey panna cotta tarts, matcha tarts, and even pumpkin tarts. This also works for removing tarts with a fragile crust from tart pans, like this gluten-free kale and squash tart. Just take the time to choose the bowl or cup that you will be standing your tart on.
A few extra suggestions for getting a tart out of a pan:
- Use a tart pan with a removable bottom! The best tart pan I’ve worked with is from Wilton, which you can buy on Amazon! The Wilton pans are sturdy and come as a set of 3 tart pans with removable bottoms at 3 different standard sizes (8″, 9″, and 10″), which means you are covered for most tart recipes. They are heavy duty and have a non-stick finish, which is a little extra insurance if you are worried about the tart sticking to the pan. They are worth every extra penny. Trust me. Invest in them.
- Butter and flour the pan depending on the dough you are working. If you aren’t sure, just do this in case.
- Let the tart cool as long and as much as you can. Let it cool completely if you can. If your tart shell is warm, it is more fragile, which means there’s more risk that it break when you unmold it.
And, if all else fails, even a broken tart tastes delicious. I’ve baked a lot of tarts, and I’ve broken and cracked a lot of tart edges. You will survive. Just eat the tart and hide the evidence.
Can you make a tart without a tart pan?
- The best replacement for a tart pan is a tart ring: the tart ring is what pastry professionals will use. It’s a simple ring with no bottom, which means zero stress because all you have to do is remove the ring. Pastry chefs will set the ring on a parchment lined baking sheet, then roll out the dough and fit it to the ring set on the baking sheet. The tart is baked as is and then cooled in the pan. Once cooled, the ring can be lifted off easily and you know the tart crust will not be stuck to the baking sheet because it’s set on a layer of parchment. Very smart!
- Pie plates can work, but not ideal: You can absolutely make a tart without a tart pan, for example, in a pie plate or whatever pan you have with 1 inch sides (or higher), but you won’t be able to unmold it to serve it on a plate. You will probably have to serve the tart in the pan it was baked in. Nothing wrong with that. Note that pans with vertical, straight edges may be difficult to serve from because of the angle of the sides.
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Janice Lawandi is chemist-turned-baker, working as a recipe developer in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. She studied pastry at Le Cordon Bleu in Ottawa and cooking at l’Académie Culinaire. She has a BSc in Biochemistry from Concordia University and a PhD in Chemistry from McGill University. Visit janicelawandi.com to see my portfolio.